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Kongo Slaves: Angola Coast

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KONGO SLAVES

4. Angola Coast

The latter part of the 1600s can be overlooked as an 'interim' period, when slave numbers transported over the Atlantic reduced from the asiento peak. A time when Africa and the Americas 'drew breath' before the mighty, manic surge of slave trading resumed in the 1700s. In this frame of mind it is easy to miss the fundamental changes that occurred from 1650 to 1700, changes that defined the possibilities and set the pattern for much of what would follow in the next century.

In the previous study on the Portuguese-Spanish asiento, the politics of the slave trade regions were fairly stable. West Central Africa, the 'Angola Coast', was a 'private pool' of slave supply for the Portuguese. In Central America, the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico formed a virtual Spanish lake of slave demand. 

In the period of this next study, these two complementary, imperial monopolies were challenged by competitors from the Netherlands, England, and Fr…