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A Grandfather's Tale: Chapter 3, THE VIRGINIA TRADE

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A GRANDFATHER'S TALE: LIVERPOOL SLAVE TRADER, WILLIAM BOLDEN 1730-1800



Chapter Three: THE VIRGINIA TRADE


The Virginia trade of the firm Sparling and Bolden began sometime in the middle of the 1750s. It continued, subject to the interruption of the American War of Independence, for the next 40 years. The verifiable, core, years of the partner's joint residency in the Chesapeake are 1759 to 1764. However, Sparling seems to have arrived earlier in the first decade and Bolden did not depart until later in the second.

This period saw the establishing and growth of a commercial concern that exceeded the initial two-man combination. By the end of the 1760s, Sparling and Bolden was a trading business with three active branches under local, co-investing, managers. Each branch was strategically located throughout the southern part of Tidewater Virginia and operated through their own warehouse-stores.

The foundation of the Virginian 'merchant-house' was a number of interlocking trade…

A Grandfather's Tale, Chapter 2, MERCHANT APPRENTICE

A GRANDFATHER'S TALE: Liverpool Slave Merchant, William Bolden 1730-1800


Chapter Two:  MERCHANT APPRENTICE

Malemba Bay, Angola Coast
                                    September, 1755


My bowels are an old man's, rank and unsettled. The ship's water is bad. The Bosun is false, his command of the men uncertain. He does not insist the boat's crew row farther up the river, beyond the mangroves. A better officer would make sure the barrels are filled with fresh.

We make a small society on this Snow. The officers of the ship are in too-snug quarters beneath the poop-deck. The crew sleep where they find themselves on the main-deck. They may have the best of it. A league offshore the night air is not plagued with mosquitoes. But their sleeping bodies make it a perilous journey to the Heads in the dark.

The need to ease myself happens too often. Still, I refuse to foul the muck-bucket in the company of others. A loose, unpleasant motion is my own cross to bear. I must hold on to wha…

A Grandfather's Tale, Chapter 1, THE NURSERY

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A GRANDFATHER'S TALE: Liverpool Slave Merchant WILLIAM BOLDEN 1730-1800



Chapter 1: THE NURSERY

On Friday, 15 October 1841, an important 'social' occasion was reported in The Sydney Herald:
           MARRIED, On the 14th instant, at St. Phillip's Church, by the Reverend W. Cooper,              Armyne Bolden, Esq., of Melbourne, son of John Bolden, Esq., of Hyning Hall,            Lancashire, to Anna Maria, daughter of James Raymond, Esq., Postmaster-General.            (1)

Armyne Bolden was one of four brothers, with (Reverend) John Satterthwaite, Lemuel, and Sandford George Bolden, who had come to Australia in the 1830s. Together they had embarked on an expensive pastoral venture in the Port Phillip District of the Colony of New South Wales (now the State of Victoria). From their home in Lancashire, England, they had brought out "a larger capital investment than was normal in those early days", as well as selected livestock from "a stud of shorthorn cattle …