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Showing posts from April, 2015

A Perfect Mania #4: 'anything on four legs' - Sheep

A PERFECT MANIA

'anything on four legs'

1. A PROGRESSIVE VIEW: VDL MERINOS
JC Garran & L White, 1985, Merinos, myths and Macarthurs, Sydney
Ian Parsonson, 1998, The Australian Ark, Csiro
Ted Henzell, 2007, Australian Agriculture, Csiro
Michael Pearson & Jane Lennon, 2010, Pastoral Australia, Csiro

1.1 Chronology of Improvement

1818 Muster: 127,883 sheep
1819 Muster: 172,128 sheep
1820 Muster: 182,468 sheep
  Governor Macquarie and Lieutenant-Governor Sorell arrange to import 312 of John Macarthur's Merino ram lambs to Van Diemen's Land, for distribution to settlers with more than 200 ewes. Only 209 are landed alive, and 28 of these die later. 33 settlers at the Derwent and 10 near the Tamar share the surviving 181 sheep, paying 7 Guineas per head. [In exchange, Macarthur is granted 4,368 acres at Camden valued at 7s. 6d. per acre.]
  2,300 lbs wool shorn from the Government flock are sent to Sydney.
1821 Joseph Archer introduced a flock of English Merinos on his land grant …

A Perfect Mania #3: The 'Real' Price Motivator - Land

A PERFECT MANIA

The 'Real' Price Motivator - Land

1. A SPIRIT OF URGENCY

The first post in this series noted the presence of an 'air' of urgency, a boom psychology, as a key driver of the 1837 spike in sheep prices. The second post argued that negative price signals from the London and Liverpool wool sales were largely ignored by the squatters in their rush to buy sheep for Port Phillip. This third post in the series investigates the primacy of land as an objective for investor-capitalists in the early settlement period. The squatters' 'hunger' for real estate, even if only possessed under government licence in the early years, had its roots in the disappointed expectations of the more recently arrived 'free' settlers in New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land. They were familiar with the former regime of free land grants that had operated in the Australian colonies until its abolition in 1831. Among colonists who had emigrated, with money,  but afte…